Saturn is a fantastic planet. It is the last planet visible to the naked eye before the solar system gives way to darkness. Saturn weighs the least of all the worlds in the solar system, with 62 known moons, and beautiful rings. It takes Saturn about 29 years for this planet it orbits the Sun completing the zodiac wheel lasting in a sign for 2 1/2 depending on the motion of this planet. Meaning if Saturn is in the process of going into or out of retrograde, is retrograde, or direct.
Saturn rules two sings Capricorn the feminine side, and Aquarius the masculine side. With the sign rulership of Saturn, you can see how this planet is about learning and working within your boundaries to attain what you want in this world ( Capricorn), and pushing your limits, experimenting with the environment around you to gain more in life( Aquarius ). Saturn has two modes attributed to it, cardinal and fixed. Meaning Saturn is about starting, or taking responsibility, and maintaining the fruits of your efforts. The elements that go well with Saturn are Earth and Air showing how it is about stability and, in a detached way, progression. The houses Saturn rules are the 10th, challenging of reputation, social status, career, and legacy. The 11th house is of hopes and wishes, gains, networking, and society. This planet is exalted in Libra and debilitated in Aries.
With Saturn in astrology, you have to research to understand what it is doing in a natal chart. Most believe this planet is about Restriction, boundaries, limits and responsibilities and nothing more. But, Saturn also represents the highest place in the natal chart, karma as in the result of your efforts and reaping what you sow, time, control and material prosperity. Saturn rules the physical world and is known as Alpha and Omega. This planet also has more than one symbol. The well known Rx is another Saturnian symbol. Saturn lends its energy to retrograde planets. It is the reason why you are going over and over again with lessons concerning those planets and is the reason why retrograde planets are so tricky to understand. After your Saturn return, an entire topic on its own, the experiences of your retrograde planets becomes easier.
Unlike other planets, Saturn as two planets opposing it- the Sun and Moon. The Sun and Moon are personal, insular, representing the Spirit and soul, the ego and emotions. Saturn is the antithesis of that. It is about the harsh outer world pushing the boundaries of the ego ( seen in the Leo/Aquarius dynamic), as well as controlling and guarding your emotions and soul (seen within the relationship between Cancer and Capricorn).
Metaphysically Saturn Rules over Saturday and its metal is lead. Saturnian gods deals with reaping what you sow and harvesting, karma, time, stability, effort, and wisdom. Saturning gods are Cronos, Saturn, and Shani.